Kodaikanal Solar Observatory, Kodaikanal

3.8
#4 of 12 in Childrens Museums in Tamil Nadu
The Kodaikanal Solar Observatory is a solar observatory owned and operated by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics. It is on the southern tip of the Palani Hills 4 km from Kodaikanal town, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu state, South India.
The Evershed effect was first detected at this observatory in January 1909. Solar data collected by the lab is the oldest continuous series of its kind in India. Precise observations of the equatorial electrojet are made here due to the unique geography of Kodaikanal.
Ionospheric soundings, geomagnetic, F region vertical drift and surface observations are made here regularly. Summaries of the data obtained are sent to national (IMD) and global (WMO, GAW) data centers.
They have a full-time staff of two scientists and three technicians.
As early as 1881, Mr. Blanford, then Meteorological Reporter to the government of India, recommended "the improvement of the work of solar observations in order to obtain accurate measures of the sun’s heating power at the earth’s surface and its periodic variations". In May 1882, the government astronomer at Madras, Norman Robert Pogson, proposed the need for photography and spectrography of the sun and the stars using a twenty-inch telescope, which could be at a hill station in South India.
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Kodaikanal Solar Observatory Reviews
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39 reviews
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4.1
TripAdvisor
  • Small Observatory, vehicle not allowed inside and have to walk for 10-15 mins. The staff there will will show Sun image how it is changing with earth moving every second and also rainbow colours in su...  more »
  • This place is something for an inquisitive, scientific mind. Founded in 1899, this observatory is situated on the palani hill nestled among many trees, trees and plants of different kind. You can hear...  more »
Google
  • Every tourists should visit this place with their kid's. Director of this Institute, explains very attractive manner, even country man can also understand our solar system. Many photos and videos are available to explain the entire solar system.
  • Widespread are and many many boards and banners of celestial bodies and earth depicting the scientific nature of stars and planets. Few scientific instruments and not much to do activities. There is a small theatre inside for a visual summary of Indian astrophysics projects. WARNING : Don't try to look through the lens where the sun is projected in one of the science models. It may turn a person permanently blind.
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